Chapter on description of the supremacy bestowed upon the Prophet ﷺ over others

أَخْبَرَنَا إِسْحَقُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، أَخْبَرَنَا يَزِيدُ بْنُ أَبِي حَكِيمٍ، حَدَّثَنِي الْحَكَمُ بْنُ أَبَانَ، عَنْ عِكْرِمَةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ: إِنَّ اللَّهَ فَضَّلَ مُحَمَّدًا عَلَى الْأَنْبِيَاءِ وَعَلَى أَهْلِ السَّمَاءِ فَقَالُوا يَا ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ بِمَ فَضَّلَهُ عَلَى أَهْلِ السَّمَاءِ قَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ قَالَ لِأَهْلِ السَّمَاءِ وَمَنْ يَقُلْ مِنْهُمْ إِنِّي إِلَهٌ مِنْ دُونِهِ فَذَلِكَ نَجْزِيهِ جَهَنَّمَ كَذَلِكَ نَجْزِي الظَّالِمِينَ الْآيَةَ وَقَالَ اللَّهُ لِمُحَمَّدٍ ﷺ إِنَّا فَتَحْنَا لَكَ فَتْحًا مُبِينًا لِيَغْفِرَ لَكَ اللَّهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِكَ وَمَا تَأَخَّرَ قَالُوا فَمَا فَضْلُهُ عَلَى الْأَنْبِيَاءِ قَالَ قَالَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ {وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِنْ رَسُولٍ إِلَّا بِلِسَانِ قَوْمِهِ لِيُبَيِّنَ لَهُمُ} الْآيَةَ وَقَالَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لِمُحَمَّدٍ ﷺ {وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ إِلَّا كَافَّةً لِلنَّاسِ} فَأَرْسَلَهُ إِلَى الْجِنِّ وَالْإِنْسِ

‘Ikrimah from Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them) he said “Verily, Allah gave priority to Prophet Muhammad over other Prophets and the inhabitants of the sky (angels). Then they asked: “O Ibn Abbas, what virtue is given to him over the inhabitants of the heavens?”

Ibn Abbas answered ‘Verily Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala has said to the inhabitants of the sky “Whoever among them should say, I am a God besides Allah, I will punish him in Hell. Thus do We recompense the wrongdoers.”‘ (Surah Al-Ambiya / 21: 29)

and the verse where Allah said to Muhammad “(O Prophet), surely We have granted you a clear victory so that Allah may forgive you your shortcomings, whether earlier or later, and may complete His favours upon you and guide you to the Straight Path” (Surah Al-Fath / 48: 1-2)

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