Wed. Apr 17th, 2024

Saheeh al-Jami ‘as-Saghir Hadith No. 158

By almaas Aug 16, 2023

أجيبوا الداعي ولا تردوا الهدية ولا تضربوا المسلمين
(صحيح) … [حم خد طب هب] عن ابن مسعود. الإرواء 1616)

It is reported that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

“Answer the invitation, do not refuse the gift and do not beat the Muslims.” 

This hadith was narrated by Ahmad (1/404), al-Bukhari in al-Adabul-mufrad (157), Ibn Hibban (5603), at-Tabarani in al-Mu’jam al-Kabir (10444), al -Baykhakyi in Shu’ab al-Iman (5359), Abu Ya’la (9/284), Abu Nu’aim in Khilyatul-awliya (7/144) according to Ibn Mas’ud, may he be pleased im Allah. 

Sheikh al-Albani called the hadith authentic. See Sahih al-Jami ‘as-saghir (158), Sahih al-Adabul-mufrad (117), Irvaul-galil (1616).

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“ Answer the invitation ” – that is, accept the invitation of the one who is inviting you to the wedding;

“ Do not refuse a gift ” – for this is what contributes to the emergence of love between people [1];

“ And do not hit the Muslims ” – except for cases when the punishment established by the Shariah / hadd / is being carried out. See “Faidul-Qadir” (1/164).

It is reported that Sa’id ibn Jubair once said: “Whoever strikes his slave for injustice, he will be asked this on the Day of Judgment!” He was told: “O Abu ‘Abdullah, but it happens that a person beats his child or younger brother, wanting him to be straight.” To this he replied: “Verily, from Allah is not hidden (the intention) of sowing wickedness and desiring correction.” Ibn al-Mubarak in al-Birr wa-s-syla (177).

Imam Ibn Jarir at-Tabari said: “The opinion is correct that none of the people is allowed to beat or harm anyone except by right. Allah Almighty said about this: “And those who undeservedly harm believing men and women, shoulder the burden of slander and obvious sin” (al-Ahzab, 33:58). And at the same time, it makes no difference who is being beaten, be it a woman who is beaten by her husband, a slave and slave who is beaten by the master, or a child who is beaten by a parent. ” See Tahzib al-Asar (1/418).


[1] It is narrated from the words of Abu Hurayra, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Give gifts to each other and you will love each other.” al-Bukhari in al-Adabul-mufrad (594), al-Bayhaqi (6/169). Hadith authentic. See Sahih al-Adabul-mufrad (462), Irwa-ul-galil (1601). See also hadith no. 3004.

By almaas

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