آمركم بأربع وأنهاكم عن أربع آمركم بالإيمان بالله وحده أتدرون ما الإيمان بالله وحده؟ شهادة أن لا إله إلا الله وأن محمدا رسول الله وإقام الصلاة وإيتاء الزكاة وصيام رمضان وأن تؤدوا خمس ما غنمتم وأنهاكم عن الدباء والنقير والحنتم والمزفت احفظوهن وأخبروا بهن من وراءكم

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “I order you to do four things and forbid you from four things: I order you to believe in Allah. Do you know what is meant by belief in Allah? It is to testify that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, to offer prayers perfectly, to give Zakat, and to give Al-Khumus (one-fifth of the war booty) (in Allah’s Cause). And I forbid you four things, (i.e., Do not drink alcoholic drinks)  Ad-Dubba’, An-Naqir, Al-Hantam, and Al-Muzaffat. And then the Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Remember this and pass it on to those whom you have left behind.”

Also in al-Bukhari (53), Muslim (17), Abu Dawud (3692), al-Tirmizi (2611) and al-Nasai (8/120). 

Grade: صحيح  

Footnotes


[1] Dubba – vessels for wine from dried pumpkins.

[2] “Naqir” – vessels for wine, hollowed out from the roots of a palm tree.

[3] “Hantam” – green earthenware jar. Before, in such jugs wine was brought to Medina. Subsequently, the ban on the use of such vessels was lifted, but the ban on the use of any alcoholic beverages remained in force.

[4] “Muzaffat” – a vessel for wine, the sides of which were coated with asphalt. 

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